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English Language RC - Oct 03 2020

Here we are providing new series of English Language Questions for upcoming exams, so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis.

Direction (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below the passage.

Plastic is everywhere nowadays. People are using it endlessly just for their comfort. However, no one realizes how it is harming our planet. We need to become aware of the consequences so that we can stop plastic pollution. Kids should be taught from their childhood to avoid using plastic. Similarly, adults must check each other on the same. In addition, the government must take stringent measures to stop plastic pollution before it gets too late.

Plastic has become one of the most used substances. It is seen everywhere these days, from supermarkets to common households. Why is that? Why is the use of plastic on the rise instead of diminishing? The main reason is that plastic is very cheap. It costs lesser than other alternatives like paper and cloth. This is why it is so common.

Secondly, it is very easy to use. Plastic can be used for almost anything either liquid or solid. Moreover, it comes in different forms which we can easily mold.Furthermore, we see that plastic is a non-biodegradable material. It does not leave the face of the Earth. We cannot dissolve plastic in land or water, it remains forever. Thus, more and more use of plastic means more plastic which won’t get dissolved. Thus, the uprise of plastic pollution is happening at a very rapid rate.

Plastic Pollution is affecting the whole earth, including mankind, wildlife, and aquatic life. It is spreading like a disease which has no cure. We all must realize the harmful impact it has on our lives so as to avert it as soon as possible.Plastic pollutes our water. Each year, tonnes of plastic are dumped into the ocean. As plastic does not dissolve, it remains in the water thereby hampering its purity. This means we won’t be left with clean water in the coming years.

Furthermore, plastic pollutes our land as well. When humans dump Plastic waste into landfills, the soil gets damaged. It ruins the fertility of the soil. In addition to this, various disease-carrying insects collect in that area, causing deadly illnesses.

Most importantly, plastic pollution harms the Marine life. The plastic litter in the water is mistaken for food by the aquatic animals. They eat it and die eventually. For instance, a dolphin died due to a plastic ring stuck in its mouth. It couldn’t open its mouth due to that and died of starvation. Thus, we see how innocent animals are dying because of plastic pollution.

In short, we see how plastic pollution is ruining everyone’s life on earth. We must take major steps to prevent it. We must use alternatives like cloth bags and paper bags instead of plastic bags. If we are purchasing plastic, we must reuse it. We must avoid drinking bottled water which contributes largely to plastic pollution. The government must put a plastic ban on the use of plastic. All this can prevent plastic pollution to a large extent.

1) Which of the following is/are true according to the passage?

A. Plastic Pollution is affecting the whole earth, including mankind, wildlife, and aquatic life.

B. Plastic has no effect on soil

C. As plastic does not dissolve, it remains in the water thereby hampering its purity.
a) Both A and C

b) Both A and B

c) Both B and C

d) Only C

e) all of these

2) Fill the blank with information from the passage.

For instance, a dolphin died due to_______________________. It couldn’t open its mouth due to that and died of starvation.

a) an iron ring stuck in its mouth

b) a metal ring stuck in its mouth

c) water pollution

d) a plastic ring stuck in its mouth

e) None of these.

3) Which of the following is not true according to the passage?

A. Plastic can be used for liquid.

B. Plastic can be used for almost anything either liquid or solid.

C. Plastic comes in different forms which we cannot easily mold

a) Both A and C

b) Both A and B

c) Both B and C

d) Only C

e) all of these

4) What alternatives can be used in place of plastic?

a) cloth bags

b) Paper bags

c) no alternative is there

d) both a and b

e) all of these

5) Which of the following is the synonym of the word “avert” given in bold in the passage?

a) prevent

b) avoid

c) forestall

d) preclude

e) all of these

Answers :

1) Answer: A

“It is mentioned in the passage “Plastic Pollution is affecting the whole earth, including mankind, wildlife, and aquatic life.”

“As plastic does not dissolve, it remains in the water thereby hampering its purity. This means we won’t be left with clean water in the coming years.”

“Furthermore, plastic pollutes our land as well. When humans dump Plastic waste into landfills, the soil gets damaged. It ruins the fertility of the soil.”

Hence, both A and C are true.

2) Answer: D

It is mentioned in the passage “. For instance, a dolphin died due to a plastic ring stuck in its mouth. It couldn’t open its mouth due to that and died of starvation.”

Hence (d) is correct.

3) Answer: A

It is mentioned in the passage “Secondly, it is very easy to use. Plastic can be used for almost anything either liquid or solid. Moreover, it comes in different forms which we can easily mold.”

Hence both A and C are not true.

4) Answer: D

It is mentioned in the passage “We must use alternatives like cloth bags and paper bags instead of plastic bags.”

Hence both (a) and (b) are correct.

5) Answer: E

Avert- prevent or ward off (an undesirable occurrence).

“prevent”, “avoid”, “forestall”, “preclude” all are synonyms of “avert”.

Hence (e) is correct.