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English Language RC - Oct 06 2020

Here we are providing new series of English Language Questions for upcoming exams, so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis.

Direction (1 – 5): Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow. Certain words are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of these.

Despite agreeing that flexible working can improve work life balance, just 17 percent of British employees are actively encouraged to do so and many don’t have the tech to work effectively. Microsoft UK calls on organisations to help employees reclaim their work-life balance with the workplace culture, tools and know-how to make the most of flexible working. British employees are adopting unhealthy ways of working that are having a profound impact on their personal lives, according to new research from Microsoft UK. Asking the views of more than 2,000 British workers, the study found that 30 per cent of Brits regularly sacrifice their personal lives for work, 56 per cent have answered work-related calls out of office and 8 in 10 (80 percent) have struggled to focus at home due to pressure from work.

 These unhealthy ways of working are going unnoticed by many British employees – only 29 per cent of whom admit their workplace has an ‘always on’ culture – but are leaving people struggling to keep their heads above water. 86 per cent of Brits say they have felt anxious due to work pressure in the last year –whilst 87 percent have trouble switching off) and sleeping (86 per cent), as well as feelings of failure (79 per cent). Meanwhile a third (33 percent) don’t have enough time to spend with their family and 41 per cent struggle to make time for health appointments – all due to workload.

When it comes to addressing the issue, British employees are clear that flexible working can help improve work life balance, spend more time with family and take care of their personal life. However, few feel in a position to take advantage of flexible working policies today. Of the 50 per cent of UK workers whose organisations offer flexible working, just 35 per cent are actively encouraged to do so and more than a third (35 percent) say they need an ‘official reason’ such as an appointment to work outside the office. Meanwhile, for those that do make it out of the office to work more flexibly, outdated tech is slowing people down and preventing employees from doing their best work. Just 18 percent per cent of Brits have not faced tech difficulties when working remotely and almost half (48 per cent) of British employees wish their organisation invested in better tech so that they could work more efficiently. The findings also show a lack of support systems available for employees in Britain today. Only 23 per cent of organisations regularly implement initiatives(A)/ to improve employee wellbeing and 53 per cent disagrees(B)/that their organisation offers training to help(C)/ employees to embrace a healthy, balanced lifestyle(D)/.

1) Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

A. Paucity of proper means have hindered the British employees to achieve a healthy work culture.

B. All the British employers want to give their employees a stress-free healthy life

C. British employees are provided with all the possible means that encourage them to work effectively and happily.

a) Only A

b) A and B

c) B and C

d) A and C

e) None of these

2) Find a suitable for the passage.

a) Flexible work makes life flexible

b) British work life

c) Work life balance

d) Always on’ work cultures: British employees at risk

e) None of these

3) Which of the following statements are true according to the passage?

a) unhealthy ways of working are going noticed by many British employees – only 29 per cent of whom admit their workplace has an ‘always on’ culture

b) 89 per cent of Brits say they have felt anxious due to work pressure in the last year –whilst 88 percent have trouble switching off) and sleeping (86 per cent), as well as feelings of failure (79 per cent).

c) A third (33 percent) don’t have enough time to spend with their family and 41 per cent struggle to make time for health appointments – all due to workload.

d) All of these

e) None of these

4) The last sentence of the passage id given in bold and divided into four parts (A, B, C, D). Fin out the part/s that has/have any grammatical error.

A) Only A

b) A and C

c) B and D

d) C and D

e) A and D

5) Which of the following words can not be a synonymous to the word “flexible” given in bold in the passage.

a) pliable

b) supple

c) resilient

d) rigid

e) none of these

Answers :

1) Answer: A

In the passage it is mentioned “Meanwhile, for those that do make it out of the office to work more flexibly, outdated tech is slowing people down and preventing employees from doing their best work.”

“Despite agreeing that flexible working can improve work life balance, just 17 percent of British employees are actively encouraged to do so and many don’t have the tech to work effectively.”

Hence (a) is correct.

2) Answer: D

Only (d) can convey the actual idea of the passage, hence it is correct.

Other options convey incomplete idea.

3) Answer: C

It is mentioned in the passage (3rd paragraph) “These unhealthy ways of working are going unnoticed by many British employees – only 29 per cent of whom admit their workplace has an ‘always on’ culture – but are leaving people struggling to keep their heads above water. 86 per cent of Brits say they have felt anxious due to work pressure in the last year –whilst 87 percent have trouble switching off) and sleeping (86 per cent), as well as feelings of failure (79 per cent). Meanwhile a third (33 percent) don’t have enough time to spend with their family and 41 per cent struggle to make time for health appointments – all due to workload.”

Hence only (c) is true.

4) Answer: C

In part B, “disagrees” should be replaced with “disagree” as “53 per cent” is a plural subject.

In part D, “to” should not be used before “embrace” as in part C we have “help” and after “help” we should use “bare infinitive” (“V1” without “to”).

5) Answer: D

Flexible- capable of bending easily without breaking. / pliable/ supple/ resilient

“rigid” is the antonym of the word, hence it can not be the synonym of the word.