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English Language RC - Oct 16 2020

Here we are providing new series of English Language Questions for upcoming exams, so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis.

Direction (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below the passage.

The central government on Thursday said it will borrow under a special Reserve Bank of India (RBI) window and lend the money to states that opt for debt to bridge their revenue gap this fiscal arising from the indirect tax reform three years ago. The borrowings will show as debt in the books of states and the centre’s fiscal deficit will be unaffected. So far, 21 states and two Union territories—Delhi and Jammu and Kashmir—have opted for this option to bridge their GST revenue shortfall this year. An official statement issued by the finance ministry said the estimated shortfall of ₹1.1 trillion, assuming all states opt for borrowing, will be borrowed by central government in tranches and passed on to states “as a back-to-back loan in lieu of GST Compensation cess releases."

A government official explained that this loan to states will get reflected as debt in the states’ financial statements, and that the Centre was only a facilitator to ensure all states get funds at the same rate. However, nine states governed by non-National Democratic Alliance parties—including Punjab, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, West Bengal, Rajasthan and Puducherry—have opposed the proposal. They want the money to be given to them as GST compensation, not debt, and may push ahead with plans to move the Supreme Court. “Some of the states are likely to approach SC against discriminatory and illegal action of Centre regarding GST Compensation. Kerala CM to chair a meeting of law, tax and finance departments and advocate general to take final decision on Kerala’s stance tomorrow afternoon," Kerala finance minister Thomas Isaac tweeted earlier in the day.

One of the most vocal leaders on the issue, Isaac had indicated in an interview earlier this month that if the Centre gets its preferred borrowing options cleared by a vote and refuses to set up a dispute resolution mechanism, Kerala will move the Supreme Court. The development comes at a time states have seen a sharp fall in tax receipts because of the outbreak of coronavirus pandemic.

“There was a suggestion from Punjab given at the GST Council meeting that the NDA government should form a Group of Ministers (GoM) that would speak to all stakeholders and submit its report in 48 hours. This move could have led to end this divide between the Union government and states but the Union government did not take any step. We want to know what is the plan of the Union government to reach a consensus," a central leader of the Congress party said on condition of anonymity.

Besides Kerala, Congress-ruled states too are considering the legal option. According to people aware of developments, the dissenting states could pursue a common legal strategy, just as some states jointly challenged the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) in Supreme Court. “The question is, whatever is happening, is it constitutionally correct? And if it is not correct, then you have the option of approaching the court. Of course, it is a long haul and it is a strain on us because states do not have money. But, if it is the federal structure of the country at stake, then why should we not wait and consider all available channels to resolve it," a Congress leader and GST Council member said on condition of anonymity. If the dissenters decide on a legal solution, it would be the biggest divide yet in the GST Council where decisions are taken by consensus despite political differences.

1) Which of the following statements is/are true according to the passage?

a) If the Centre gets its preferred borrowing options cleared by a vote and refuses to set up a dispute resolution mechanism, Kerala will not move the Supreme Court.

b) The development comes at a time states have seen a sharp fall in tax receipts because of the outbreak of coronavirus pandemic.

c) Seven states governed by non-National Democratic Alliance parties—including Punjab, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, West Bengal, Rajasthan and Puducherry—have oppose the proposal.

d) All of these

e) None of these

2) Fill the blank with information from the passage.

_________________________________________ have opted for this option to bridge their GST revenue shortfall this year

a) 21 states and three Union territories

b) 12 states and two Union territories

c) 20 states and three Union territories

d) 21 states and two Union territories

e) None of these

3) Who is Thomas Isaac?

a) Finance minister of Delhi

b) Finance minister of Kerala

c) Chief minister of Kerala

d) Finance minister of WB

e) None of these

4) Which of the following is/are the synonym/synonyms of the word “consensus” given in bold in the passage?

a) Agreement

b) Harmony

c) Concord

d) All of these

e) None of these

5) Which of the following is/are the antonym/s of the word “pursue” given in bold in the passage?

a) avoid

b) flee

c) neglect

d) All of these

e) None of these

Answers :

1) Answer: B

It is mentioned in the 3rd paragraph of the passage “One of the most vocal leaders on the issue, Isaac had indicated in an interview earlier this month that if the Centre gets its preferred borrowing options cleared by a vote and refuses to set up a dispute resolution mechanism, Kerala will move the Supreme Court.”

Hence only (b) is true according to the passage.

(a) and (c) are not true.

3rd paragraph: “The development comes at a time states have seen a sharp fall in tax receipts because of the outbreak of coronavirus pandemic.”

2nd paragraph: “However, nine states governed by non-National Democratic Alliance parties—including Punjab, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, West Bengal, Rajasthan and Puducherry—have opposed the proposal. They want the money to be given to them as GST compensation, not debt, and may push ahead with plans to move the Supreme Court.”

2) Answer: D

It is mentioned in the 1st paragraph of the passage “The central government on Thursday said it will borrow under a special Reserve Bank of India (RBI) window and lend the money to states that opt for debt to bridge their revenue gap this fiscal arising from the indirect tax reform three years ago. The borrowings will show as debt in the books of states and the centre’s fiscal deficit will be unaffected. So far, 21 states and two Union territories—Delhi and Jammu and Kashmir—have opted for this option to bridge their GST revenue shortfall this year.”

Hence (d) is correct.

3) Answer: B

It is mentioned in the 2nd paragraph ““Some of the states are likely to approach SC against discriminatory and illegal action of Centre regarding GST Compensation. Kerala CM to chair a meeting of law, tax and finance departments and advocate general to take final decision on Kerala’s stance tomorrow afternoon," Kerala finance minister Thomas Isaac tweeted earlier in the day.”

4) Answer: D

Consensus- A general agreement/ concord/ harmony.

Hence (d) is correct.

5) Answer: D

Pursue- follow.

Hence (a), (b) and (c) are the antonyms of the word.