Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. There are some blanks given in the passage based on which some questions are framed, and some words are highlighted as well to help you answer some of the questions.
Several instruments and spacecraft from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, have eyes on Hurricane Dorian, capturing different types of data from the storm.
NASA’s Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), ……………..…. (A)the Aqua satellite, senses emitted infrared and microwave radiation from Earth. The information is used to map such atmospheric phenomena as temperature, humidity, and cloud amounts and heights. (B) In the AIRS imagery of Dorian, captured during the afternoon (local time) of Aug. 29, 2019, the large purple area indicates very cold clouds carried high to the atmosphere by deep thunderstorms. These clouds are also associated with heavy rainfall. Blue and green indicate warmer areas with shallower rain clouds, while the orange and red areas represent mostly cloud-free air.
(C) In the second imagery(1), TEMPEST-D — a weather-observing(2) satellite the size of a cereal box — captured(3)image(4) of Hurricane Dorian off the coast of Puerto Rico in the early morning hours (local time) of Aug. 28, 2019. At a vantage point 250 miles (400 kilometers) above the storm, the CubeSat used its miniaturized radio-wave-based instrument to see through the clouds, ……………..…. (D)areas with heavy rain and moisture being pulled into the storm. The green colors show moisture ……………..…. (E)into the storm’s center, and the yellow to pink colors correspond to the most intense rainfall. TEMPEST-D — short for Temporal Experiment for Storms and Tropical Systems Demonstration — is an experiment in shrinking weather satellites to a size that makes them inexpensive enough to be produced in multiples. The goal is ……………..…. (F)that can track storms around the world.
NASA’s CloudSat satellite provided a 3D animation after passing over Dorian, still a tropical storm at the time, near Puerto Rico. (G)CloudSat radar(1) an advanced(2) cloud-profiling uses(3) that “slices” through clouds, enabling us to see their height, their different layers and the areas where the heavier bands of rain are found(4) within the storm system. The animation shows Dorian when it had maximum sustained winds of 52 mph (84 kph) with some cloud tops extending about 9 miles (15 kilometers) into the atmosphere. The colors represent the size of water or ice droplets inside the storm: Deep red and pink indicate larger droplets with areas of moderate and heavy rainfall.
(H) NASA collects data from space, air, land and sea to increase our understanding of our home planet, improve lives and safeguarding our future.
(I) AIRS, in conjunction with the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU), ……………..…. . Launched into Earth orbit in 2002, the AIRS and AMSU instruments are managed by JPL under contract to NASA. TEMPEST-D is a technology-demonstration mission led by Colorado State University and managed by JPL in partnership with Blue Canyon Technologies and Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia. The mission is sponsored by NASA’s Earth Ventures program and managed by the Earth Science Technology Office. (J) The radiometer instrument was built(1) by JPL and employs(2) high-frequency microwave(3) amplifier technology developed(4) by Northrop Grumman. CloudSat is also managed by JPL, which developed the radar instrument, with hardware contributions from the Canadian Space Agency. Colorado State University provides scientific leadership and science data processing and distribution.
1) Which of the following word given in the options should come at the place marked as (A) in the above passage to make it grammatically correct and meaningful? Also, the word should fill in the two sentences given below to make them contextually correct and meaningful?
a) The Captain and crew welcome you ……………..…..
b) All ……………..…. were in grave peril of drowning.
E) None of these
2) In the above passage, sentence (B) may or may not have an error in one part of the sentence, select the part having error in it as your answer.
A) In the AIRS imagery of Dorian,
B) captured during the afternoon (local time) of Aug. 29, 2019,
C) the large purple area indicates very cold clouds
D) carried high to the atmosphere by deep thunderstorms.
E) No error
3) The sentence given in (C) has four words given in bold amongst the given bold words which of the following must replace each other to make the sentence contextually correct and meaningful?
A) Both 2-1 and 3-4
B) Both 1-4 and 2-3
C) Both 2-4 and 1-3
4) Which of the following should fill the blank given in (D) to make it contextually correct and meaningful?
E) None of these
5) Which of the following word given in the options should come at the place marked as (E) in the given passage to make it grammatically correct and meaningful?
E) None of these
1) Answer: B
In the given sentence, only ‘aboard’ makes it grammatically as well as contextually correct.
Option A): is incorrect because ‘kin’ does not fit here.
Option B): is the correct alternative among the following as ‘aboard’ fit here both grammatically and contextually
Option C): is incorrect as conducivemeansmaking a certain situation or outcome likely or possible.
Option D): is incorrect as ulterior means existing beyond what is obvious or admitted; intentionally hidden which does not fit here contextually.
2) Answer: D
Statement D is incorrect here as ‘to’ preposition should be replaced with ‘into’.
3) Answer: D
After making the replacement thus formed sentence is “In the second image, TEMPEST-D — a weather-observing satellite the size of a cereal box — captured imagery of Hurricane Dorian off the coast of Puerto Rico in the early morning hours (local time) of Aug. 28, 2019.”
4) Answer: A
In the given sentence, only ‘revealing’ makes it grammatically as well as contextually correct.
Option A is the correct alternative among the following as ‘revealing’ perfectly fits in the blank both grammatically and contextually
Option B is incorrect as esoteric means intended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with a specialized knowledge or interest which does not make any sense here.
Option C is incorrect because ‘constrain’ does not fit here.
Option D is incorrect because ‘allow’ is contextually wrong.
5) Answer: D
In the given sentence, only ‘spiraling’ makes it grammatically as well as contextually correct.
Option A): is incorrect because ‘insurrection’ does not fit here.
Option B): is incorrect as fidelity means faithfulness to a person, cause, or belief, demonstrated by continuing loyalty and support which does not make any sense here.
Option C): is incorrect as ‘sedition’ does not fit here.
Option D): is the correct alternative among the following as ‘spiraling’ fit here both grammatically and contextually