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Reasoning Ability Puzzle - Feb 16 2021

Here we are providing new series of Reasoning Questions for upcoming exams, so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis.

Directions (1–5): Study the following information carefully and answer the below questions.

There are seven persons namely, Arun, Karthi, Yokesh, Viki, Iniyan, Shyam and Anand in various professions viz. Engineer, Doctor, Lawyer, Professor, Businessman, Collector and Surveyor but not necessarily in the same order. Each has different number of chocolates viz. 2, 4, 5, 3, 10, 12, and 13 but not necessarily in the same order.

The Lawyer has chocolates in even number but not less than 8. The difference between the chocolates of Viki and Arun is 1, both have chocolates less than 10. Shyam is a Professor and has two chocolate more than the Lawyer. Yokesh is a Collector, who has chocolate in odd number which is neither lowest nor highest as per given numbers. The Sum of the chocolates of Karthi and Professor is a perfect square. Sum of the chocolates of Collector and Businessman is a perfect cube. Either Arun or Anand is an Engineer and the Engineer who has prime numbered chocolates. The number of chocolates of the Doctor has is one less than the chocolates of Viki. The product of the chocolates of Surveyor and the Collector is double the number of chocolates of Iniyan.  Karthi doesn't have odd-numbered chocolates.

1) How many chocolates does the Lawyer have?

A. 5

B. 10

C. 12

D. 4

E. None of these

2) How many persons have chocolates less than Collector?

A.5

B.4

C.3

D.1

E.None

3) Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which one does not belong to that group?

A.Doctor

B.Lawyer

C.Surveyor

D.Collector

E.Professor

4) What is the difference between the number of chocolates of Professor and Surveyor?

A.5

B.8

C.7

D.2

E.1

5) Who among the following have the highest and least number of chocolates respectively?

A.Arun – Yokesh

B.Viki – Iniyan

C.Anand – Arun

D.Shyam – Karthi

E.Viki – Shyam

Explanation :

The person who is a lawyer has chocolates in even number but not less than 8. (Two possibilities the Lawyer might have 10 or 12 chocolates)

The difference between the chocolates of Viki and Arun is 1, both have chocolates less than 10. (Here we get another 3 possibilities. So, Viki and Arun might have 3 and 2, 4 and 3 or 5 and 4 chocolates. Consider this Statement later.)

Shyam is a professor and has two chocolate more than the Lawyer.

Yokesh is a Collector, who has chocolate in odd number which is neither lowest nor highest as per given numbers. (So we can conclude it is 5 and also that Viki and Arun doesn’t have 5 and 4)

The Sum of the chocolates of Karthi and Professor is a perfect square. (Might be 3 + 13 or 4 + 12 or 13+12)

The Sum of the chocolates of Collector and Businessman is a perfect cube. (Only one perfect cube is possible 3 + 5 =8)

Karthi doesn't have odd-numbered chocolates.

(Now consider the statement which is left above, we can conclude that Arun and Viki might have 2 and 3 chocolates and Case 2 also gets eliminated)

Either Arun or Anand is an Engineer, who has prime numbered chocolates.

The number of chocolates, Doctor has is one less than the chocolates of Viki.

The product of the chocolates of Surveyor and the Collector is double the number of chocolates Iniyan had.

(So we can conclude that Doctor has 2 chocolates, Anand is an Engineer and Iniyan is a Lawyer)

1) Answer: B

2) Answer: C

3) Answer: D

4) Answer: B

5) Answer: C