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Reasoning Ability Puzzle - Sep 08 2020

Here we are providing new series of Reasoning Questions for upcoming exams, so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis.

Study the following information carefully and answer the below questions.

   There are ten people namely – P, A, C, R, S, B, E, T, D and Q sitting in a rectangular table in such a way that one person sits at each corner while two on each longer side and one each on the smaller side. Some of them facing are center and some of them are not facing center. Each likes different fruits viz. Mango, Orange, Banana, Grapes, Guava, Watermelon, Litchi, Papaya, Cherry, and Apple. All the information is not necessarily in the same order.

B who likes Orange sits third to the right of C. B is neither sits adjacent to the one who likes Banana nor immediate neighbor of the one who likes Guava. The One who likes Litchi facing center but not immediate neighbors of Q. P neither likes Mango nor sits immediate neighbor of C.  P sits second to the right of S. The one who likes Banana sits exactly opposite to S and facing in opposite direction of S. E neither likes Banana nor sits immediate neighbor of the one who likes Guava. Persons diagonally sit opposite at corner sits facing in opposite direction to each other. R sits second to the left of the one who likes Banana, who sits on the smaller side of the table. The one who likes Watermelon sits immediate left of the one who likes Grapes. T who likes Papaya sits third to the left of the one who likes Mango. R faces the same direction as the one who likes litchi. E, who sits immediate right of Q and sits exactly between the one who likes Litchi and A. D likes Cherry sits third to the left of the one who likes Apple. The one, who likes Papaya sits at corner, sits third to the left of the one who likes Guava. The one who likes Guava sits together with R at the same side.Person on each longer side sits facing in opposite direction to each other.R doesn’t like Grapes.

1) Who sits second totheleft of the one who likes Apple?

A.The one who likes Watermelon

B.The one who likes Litchi

C.E

D.Q

E.The one who likes Grapes 

2) What is the position of A with respect to one who likes Papaya?

A.Second to the left

B.Immediate right

C.Third to theLeft

D.Second to theright

E.None of these

3) Which of the following statement is not true?

A.The person who likes Litchi sits immediate left of D.

B.E sits second to theright of the one who likes Grapes.

C.The person who likes Watermelon sits immediate left of C.

D.P sits second to the left of the one who likes Mango.

E.All the given statements are true.

4) How many persons sit between E and S when counted anti-clockwise from E?

A.Three

B.Two

C.Four

D.Six 

E.None of these

5) In which of the given combination second Person doesn’t sit to the immediate right of the first person?

A.D – A

B.S – T

C.C – R

D.B – P

E.Q – E

Explanation

We have:

  • R sits second to theleft of one who likes Banana, who sits at smaller side of table, that means we have two possible places for R.
  • One who likes Banana sits exactly opposite to S and sits facing in opposite direction of S. P, who neither likes Mango nor sits immediate neighbor of C, sits second to theright of S.

Based on theabove given information, we have:

Again, we have:

  • One who likes Papaya sits at corner, sits third to the left of the one who likes Guava, who sits together with R at same side,
  • B who likes Orange sits third to right of C and is neither sits adjacent to one who likes Banana nor immediate neighbor of one who likes Guava, which means in case Person on each longer side sits facing in opposite direction to each other.
  • T who likes Papaya sits third to the left of one who likes Mango, Person diagonally opposite at corner sits facing in opposite direction to each other and E sits immediate right of Q. E neither likes Banana nor he sits immediate neighbor of one who likes Guava, that means we have four different possibilities, Based on the above given information, we have:

Again, we have:

  • R faces the same direction as the one who likes litchi.
  • E sits exactly between one who likes Litchi and A. One who likes Litchi sits facing center but not immediate neighbor of Q, case (2a) is not valid and case (2b) is also not valid as R faces outward.

Based on theabove given information we have:

Incase 2a and case 2b,R faces the same direction as the one who likes litchi.One who likes Litchi sits facing center but not immediate neighbor of Q, this condition is not satisfied, so rejected.

Finally, we have:

  • One who likes Watermelon sits immediate left of the one who likes Grapes.
  • R doesn’t like Grapes.
  • D likes Cherry sits third to the left of the one who likes Apple, that means case (1a) is not valid as no such place available for D
  • Based on theabove given information final arrangement as follow:

Inc case 1a, D likes Cherry sits third to the left of one who likes Apple, this condition is not satisfied, so rejected.

1) Answer: B

2) Answer: C

3) Answer: E

4) Answer: E

5) Answer: C